Explanation of the Hadith: "Allahumma-qsim lana min khashyatika ma tahulu bihi bainana wa baina ma`sika."
Praise be to Allah and peace be upon His Messenger. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone who has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.
Imam At-Tirmidhy reported in his Sunan from the Hadith of Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said: "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) seldom left a gathering without supplicating in these terms: "Allahumma-qsim lana min khashyatika ma tahulu bihi bainana wa baina ma`sika, wa min ta`atika ma tuballighuna bihi jannataka, wa minal-yaqini ma tuhawwinu `alaina masa-'ibad-dunya. Allahumma matti`na biasma`ina, wa absarina, wa quwwatina ma ahyaitana, waj`alhul-waritha minna, waj`al tharana `ala man zalamana, wansurna `ala man `adana, wa la taj`al musibatana fi dinina, wa la taj`alid-dunya akbara hammina, wa la mablagha `ilmina, wa la tusallit `alaina man-la yarhamuna, (O Allah, apportion to us such fear as should serve as a barrier between us and acts of disobedience; and such obedience as will take us to Your Jannah; and such as will make easy for us to bear in the calamities of this world. O Allah! Let us enjoy our hearing, our sight and our power as long as You keep us alive and make our heirs from our own offspring, and make our revenge restricted to those who oppress us, and support us against those who are hostile to us let no misfortune afflict our religion; let not worldly affairs be our principal concern, or the ultimate limit of our knowledge, and let not those rule over us who do not show mercy to us).''  As for the Prophet's saying: "Allahumma-qsim Lana min khashyatika MA tahulu bihi bainana WA baina ma`sika, [i.e. O Allah, apportion to us such fear as should serve as a barrier between us and acts of disobedience]," Allahumma-qsim: "O Allah, apportion to us khashyatika [apportion to us such fear]:" Fear which is based on knowledge. Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allâh." [Surat Fatir: 28].
The more a person fears Allah (may He be Glorified and Exalted), the more he fears Allah and stops violation of the boundaries of Allah. Therefore, the Prophet said: "ma Yahulu baynana wa bayna ma`asik [as should serve as a barrier between us and acts of disobedience]." As for the Prophet's saying: "wa min ta`atika ma tuballighuna bihi jannataka," it means: And apportion for us from Your Obedience what may lead us to Your Paradise because the road to Paradise is obeying Allah (may He be Glorified and Exalted). So, when a person fears Allah, avoids His prohibited matters, and obeys Him; he shall be rescued from Hell and shall enter Paradise by his obedience .
As for the Prophet's saying: "wa minal-yaqini ma tuhawwinu `alayna masa'ibad-dunya," "yaqin" is the highest degrees of faith because it is not mixed with doubt or hesitation. You should ascertain of absent things as you watch to something present in your hand. Ibn Mas`ud said: Certitude is the entire faith, so if a person has a full certainty of what Allah (may He be Exalted) informed us in regard to the unseen matters, the names or attributes of Allah, or about the Hereafter, he shall have full certitude. There are many misfortunes in the world, but if a man has a full certainty that these misfortunes shall expiate his sins and raise his degrees if he observes patience and seeks the reward from Allah, the calamities will be easy, no matter how great they are whether in his body, family, or money. Imam Muslim reported in his Sahih on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: When the following Ayah was revealed: "whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof, and he will not find any protector or helper besides Allâh." [Surat An-Nisa': 123], it affected Muslims greatly, thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Follow the Right Path of Faith strictly and be steadfast "Be moderate and stand firm in trouble that falls to a Muslim (as that) is an expiation for him; even stumbling on the path or the pricking of a thorn (are an expiation for him)." 
As for the Prophet's saying: "Allahumma matti`na biasma`ina, wa absarina, wa quwwatina ma ahyaitana," it means: Make us enjoy and benefit from our hearings, sights, and power as long as we live to use them in obeying You .
Ibn Al Malik said: Enjoying hearing and sight means to make them sound until death, the Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned hearing and sight because the proofs which lead to the knowledge of Allah and His Oneness come through them. These proofs are taken from the Qur'an through hearing or through the universal signs, or through contemplation in the human body. If a person enjoys these senses, he shall get a great goodness and when he loses them, he misses a great goodness. Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "Say: It is He Who has created you, and endowed you with hearing (ears) and seeing (eyes), and hearts. Little thanks you give." [Surat Al Mulk: 23].
Some scholars lived more than one hundred years while enjoying their power and mentality. One day, one of those scholars jumped high, then people blamed him for that, thereupon he said: We have preserved these organs from committing sins while we were young, consequentially Allah preserves them for us in old age. 
As for the Prophet's saying: "waj`alhul-waritha minna," i.e., make the mentioned hearings, sights, and power sound until death. As for the Prophet's saying: "waj`al tharana `ala man zalamana," i.e., make us victorious over those who have wronged us either by worldly infliction or infliction in the Hereafter. Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "Allâh does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allâh is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower." [Surat An-Nisa': 148] .
It was reported in Sahih Al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim from the Hadith of Mu`adh ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Take refuge against the invocation of an oppressed person because there is no screen between his invocation and Allah." 
As for the Prophet's saying: "wansurna `ala man `adana," the numerous enemies, especially the Jews, the Christians, the polytheists, the hypocrites, and others. One of the biggest enemies and more powerful is Satan whom Allah warned us against. Allah says: "Surely, Shaitân (Satan) is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. He only invites his Hizb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire." [Surat Fatir: 6] .
Allah (may He be Exalted) says about the infidels: "O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e., disbelievers and polytheists) as friends." [Surat Al Mumtahanah: 1] .
Allah (may He be Exalted) says about the hypocrites: "They are the enemies, so beware of them. May Allâh curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the Right Path?" [Surat Al Munafiqun: 4] .
Allah (may He be Exalted) will provide us victory over them all. Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "Nay, Allâh is your Maulâ (Patron, Lord, Helper, Protector), and He is the Best of helpers." [Surat Al `Imran: 150] .
As for the Prophet's saying: "wa la taj`al musibatana fi dinina," calamities hit money, body, house, or the family of a person, so they get sick or die; and the greatest calamity is that which hits the religion, which is of two types: Either to be afflicted by sins such as earning ill-gotten money and thinking ill of others or is afflicted of what is greater than that such as polytheism, disbelief, hypocrisy, and of the like because this is a destruction like death to the body .
As for the Prophet's saying: "do not make the world our biggest concern nor the end of our knowledge," do not make the pursuit of money and power the biggest of our concern, but make our bigger concern is the Hereafter .
"wa la mablagha `ilmina," do not put us in a place to think only in the worldly matters, but make us ponder over the conditions of the Hereafter. "Mablagha" means the end which a person reaches or reckon himself for. At-Tirmidhy reported in his Sunan from the Hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "As for him whose concern is the Hereafter , Allah grows in his heart an unconcern (for the world ) and brings it together for him and the world comes to him while it is unwanted . But, as for him whose concern is this world , Allah makes poverty his lot and makes him anxious for it and the world does not come to him except what is decreed for him." 
As for the Prophet's saying: "wa la tusallit `alaina man-la yarhamuna," do not make us inferior to disbelievers and oppressors, or do not make the wrongdoers our leaders and rulers because an oppressor does not show mercy to his subjects.  
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds [i.e., people]. And peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and all his Companions .
 (P. 551 No. 3502) At-Tirmidhy said: This Hadith is Hassan Gharib (a good Hadith that is strange to come from this chain of narration). Al Albany graded it as good in Sahih Sunan At-Tirmidhy (3 /168) No. 2783 .
 P. 1039 No. 2574 .
 Jami` Al `Ulum Wal Hikam, P. 225 .
 Part of the Hadith reported in P. 821, No. 4347, and Sahih Muslim P. 42, No. 19 with the wordings of Muslim .
 P. 403 No. 2465 .
 Tuhfat Al Ahwazy, (9 /442) No. 3502 .
 See the explanation of Riyadh As-Salihin if Ibn `Uthaymain (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) (4 /361 – 366).
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