The five-time prayers undoubtedly have been ordained at the night of the journey to the Sacred House and there is no question about that. Prayers are indeed, а duty to every Muslim and this is а fixed Islamic law and jurisdiction. It is mentioned as а duty in the Holy Qur’an in His saying the Exalted: "Then establish regular prayers; practice regular charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger."(Surah Аl-Мujadilаh, or the Woman who pleads, 13)
Also, His saying the Exalted: "Guard strictly your habit of prayers, especially the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in а devout frame of mind."(Surah Al-Baqarah, 238). This implies that prayers are truly ordained and for being five times а day because He ordered Man to pray five times, especially the Middle one. The minimum middle which is possible is between four, or one between four.
In the Sunnah it is also mentioned in his (Muhammad, Peace be upon him) saying: "Allah the Exalted has made it а duty to every Muslim, man or woman, to pray five times in every day and night."
Moreover, it is mentioned in ‘The Prayers Thesis’ by Ibin Sienah that prayers are just like the human self which talks of the universe, the galaxy, the eternal worshipping and devotion for the sake of the Abstract Right and in search for the eternal reward.
The Messenger of Allah (Muhammad, Peace be upon him) has said that: "Prayer is the main pillar of religion." Religion is also the means for purifying the human self from all the satanic blemishes and the human faults and sins and for the abstention from all worldly and demeaned or low secular matters.
That is why prayer is the act of worshipping the first cause and the supreme, Exalted and adorable Allah. That is why really we do not need to explain His saying the Exalted: "I have only created jinns and men, that they may worship Me." (Surah Az-Zariyat, or the Winds that Scatter, 56).
Thus, they all know that prayers mean total knowledge. It is to know the meaning of the man's existence in this world and his knowledge of the crystal-clear secret and the pure heart and the empty self. This leads also to the fact that the real meaning of Prayer is really to know Allah the Exalted and the Elevated in His Oneness, omnipresence, the necessity of His existence and presence and His self-glorification and elevation, and the sanctifying of His characteristics in the course of faithful prayers.
What I mean by faithful prayers is to know the qualities and the characteristics of Allah in а manner which left no room at all for anyone to add anything and which does not allow any doubt at all.
Anyone who prayed like this he then must be honest and faithful and will be rewarded for his prayers or will not be misled or be allowed to go astray. But anyone who did not do such thing he then must be а liar and disobedient. Allah indeed is the most Exalted and the most Elevated and the most Supreme and the most Powerful.
He (Muhammad, Peace be upon him) has said: "He who does not pray does not have faith; and he who is not trustworthy does not have faith too."
He also said: "Pray as you saw me pray."
Allah the Exalted also said: "and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest thing in life without doubt. And Allah knows the deeds that ye do."(Surah Al-Ankаbut, or the Spider, 45)
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