Scientific production from an economic perspective
Scientific research is a priority for any university because of the importance of scientific research as a key anchor and assistant to the advancement of any educational institution, and its fundamental role in the progress and prosperity of society.
Therefore, universities seek to provide the right climate and potential for scientific research and to disseminate research results in local, regional and global periodicals, University letters that are completed in the context of completing the requirements for a master's or doctoral degree are an important part of university scientific research and a link.
It is unconcealed that scientific research is an organized effort by a researcher specialized in a branch of human knowledge, and this effort consists of successive elements, each with technical characteristics that the researcher must take into account; A research worthy of leave and praise. The recommendations of university messages and scientific research are also an important element in the package of research elements, where the researcher's efforts are not complete except by addressing this element, and represent the summary of his research efforts and his experience of the problem studied From the beginning of the idea that caught his attention and occupied his attention until it became an integrated research. The recommendations have many benefits for future researchers and targeted service and productivity sectors, as they provide the means responsible for improving their performance.
Accordingly, scientific research is a high-cost activity, and in developed countries the cost reaches high national income ratios of up to 3%. in some of those countries, i.e. that spending on research Scientific in these countries can reach many billions of dollars, if scientific research efforts achieve the desired benefits, whether technical, scientific or other in the fields of applied scientific or science Socially, this is satisfactory and conducus to development and progress, but if the data of scientific research efforts are not utilized, this represents a waste and a national loss that leads to the loss of some opportunities for progress. The development that could have been achieved as a result of meaningful investment in scientific research, taking advantage of its data.
Therefore, scientific research is one of the most important tools to achieve development in the modern world, if not all of them, and the combined experiences have proven to be a key component in shaping the future of societies and nations, and Universities and scientific research centres play a key role in scientific research efforts in these societies, and the lack of benefit from these efforts is a waste and a major loss at the national level.
The problem of scientific research, says Dr .Ali Habeesh, is that scientific production is not geared to face problems related to development or real problems, but it is not cumulative or tried in all areas, and does not tend to make change, develop and innovate Industrial, and unfortunately has not proven its technical, economic and environmental feasibility, and scientific messages, conference research and research of local and international scientific journals are the largest components of the offer for scientific research products For the most part, they are research-based research esa and are low-quality, far from scientific creativity and isolated from technical advances.
Moreover, thefts in the field of scientific research are a symptom of a real disease that scientific research has suffered from for a long time for a variety of reasons, including lack of funds and funding, and the separation of scientific research from the reality surrounding it Sufficiency of sterile theoretical research.
Master's and Doctoral thesis have become the only way to obtain degrees and promotions and not to innovate and innovate in different fields, which calls for a reconsideration of the An integrated program to advance the future of scientific research.
Other forms of scientific theft that threaten the future of scientific research are the proliferation of offices that write graduation projects, which qualifies these students to follow the path of scientific theft and rape. The efforts of others to get undeserved estimates.
Unfortunately, some social media sites promote postgraduate messages with specific amounts of money, conditional on their holder receiving a degree of honor with honors. The master's and doctoral dissals are provided to all disciplines after the dissertations are provided, and they are modern and distinctive and scientifically prepared. There is no doubt that prices are rising for some studies on management, economics and politics, given the great efforts it needs.
To make matters worse, there are many libraries that offer such a service in the implementation of scientific messages, especially in graduate studies, and are not limited to social media, which is undoubtedly A violation of the system.
Many researches and studies are a scientific wealth that has not been invested optimally in addressing many of the phenomena or developmental problems that we suffer from in our local reality, as soon as the student graduates This elaborate scientific effort with its precise results is impossible to find out which of the papers deposits either a drawer or a library shelf at best.
A research study entitled "Maximizing the benefit of graduate outcomes in the service of development and modernization issues" concluded that there is no real benefit from 9,000 messages until the year 20/1421 H represents the total results of the graduate studies of scientific letters at the time, and its approximate cost was estimated at about 2 billion and seven hundred million Saudi riyals, and this shows the amount of waste and loss resulting from the lack of Take advantage of those messages.
Statistics indicate that the number of universities in the Arab countries increased from (12 universities) in 1945 to now more than 240 universities, There are more than 600 undergraduate or postgraduate colleges.. The number of students in higher education (six million students) in 2010. This means that millions of university messages rich in new ideas, accurate statistics and useful recommendations have not benefited from most of them, as these messages have not contributed optimally to supporting development plans. Addressing the problems and challenges we face in our Arab reality.
Universities constantly announce the numbers of master's or doctoral degree holders, and celebrate their graduation every year, but the issue of scientific research remains pending as hundreds of studies and research are still held hostage. Drawers.
More than one academic researcher has confirmed that there are entities that spend millions on their studies without activation. Because their activation requires unavailable financial potential, and at the same time the implementation of some studies may require either structural or radical changes in the structure of institutions, or require major reforms. Despite what has been done and spent on them, whether financial or self-made, this is a problem. Even institutional and targeted studies have been disbursed to address a particular problem. So there is a failure at the moment to adopt some scientific studies and research.
Original and targeted research that addresses a particular problem is research that can be used, some research works for certain requirements either to obtain a degree and this research may not actually yield to Society or the problem it discusses, it is to conduct research as an academic requirement, and such research is not good or well paid off.
Moreover, most scientific research in the Arab world is untargeted and unsolicited. Unfortunately, there is no research directed at diagnosing problems and challenges or identifying development needs of any kind, in the sense that research is not required from different ministries and agencies, and some of these The authorities use foreign universities even though they have researchers in the universities of the country and ignore them, forcing them to focus on research with the intention of scientific promotion, everyone swims in a different world.
There is a lot of good research whose results have not been published in periodicals or even conferences, and here lies the flaw where this research will remain locked in drawers, shelves and files and no one will see it.
Every year, many scientific researches are carried out inside and outside the Kingdom and its affairs, and many individuals and entities participate in its implementation and for different purposes, and the majority of these researches are published, A number of recommendations related to the findings reached are confirmed in the light of the research objectives and different variables.
However, this research that is being carried out does not have significant results in solving many of the problems facing society or it does not have significant results that have an impact at the local or regional level. This research can be a powerful asset for the implementation of studies of scientific value and can be guided to serve the community.
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