References to “Nature” in Surat Abasa:
1) The reference to the creation of man from a sperm-drop that contains all his characteristics and destiny.
Directing people’s attention to aspects of the scientific miracle in
providing all the needed factors for the creation of food for man and
his cattle, and for every living creature on earth.
3) Reference to the water cycle around the earth that results in rain.
Reference to the fact that rain helps split the earth and irrigates it
as a preparation for planting; or the earth splitting through the
initial sprouting of plants. And both references are correct.
different plant varieties and giving the basic models that represent
fully all the plant’ groups which comprise the main food for man and his
cattle (such as grains, grapes, nutritious plants, olives, dates,
gardens dense with lofty trees, fruits and fodder).
6)Stating that the extraction of plants from the dead earth is a simile for the resurrection of bodies that became dust.
7) Reference to the reality of life, death and then resurrection and judgment.
of these issues needs a special analysis. Because of this I will limit
myself to the second issue only which was mentioned in the ayahs 24 to
32. But before that I would like to quote Ibn-Kathir's notes about these ayahs.
Interpretations of this ayah by some scholars:
Mentioning Ibn-Kathir as an example here is the summary of his explanation of the ayahs 24-32 written above: “Then let man look at his food,”here
Allah is raising the feeling of indebtedness within man, He is also
giving evidence for the resurrection of the body after it became old
bones and dust through the creation of plants in a lifeless earth.“We pour forth water in abundance,”means, we sent it down from sky to earth. “And We split the earth in clefts,”means, thanks to water which penetrated the earth, plants grew up and emerged from its surface. “And We cause therein the grain to grow, and grapes and clover plants (i.e. green fodder for the cattle),”corn means all the cereals, grapes are known to all, and nutritious plants refers to the fresh alfalfa given to animals.“And olives”they are a condiment and their extracted oil is also a condiment used as a grease. “And dates,”it is eaten unripe (balah), freshly ripened (rutab) and very ripe (tamr); it is used either cooked or uncooked, and we can make thickened syrup or vinegar from it. “And gardens dense with many trees,”
means, gardens full of tall palm-trees … or dense trees gathered in one
place under which one can seek the shade. “And fruits and herbage,”
the first are all the soft and sweet fruits and the latter are all the
plants eaten by animals but not eaten by man (herbage and grazing).“(To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle.”This means, as a living for you and your cattle in this worldly life, and until the last day.
commentators said almost the same thing, and I see no need for
repeating all this here, though they are all prominent scholars.
Scientific implications in this ayah:
1. “Let man look at his food”(Surat Abasa (He Frowned):24)
has primarily relied on plants for his food. That is why the ayahs
that follow talk about pouring water from the sky and splitting the
earth, then about many plant varieties and their fruits that cover all
man’s and his cattle’s needs for vegetable food. The latter refers to
animal food, for animals that man eats are nourished with plants and
their fruits. Also, such food is a source of energy that enables him to
do physical activities. It preserves, as well, his body temperature
and builds up cells and tissues that are necessary in different growing
stages, or replaces the lost ones.
body has a vital need for air, water and food. If he is prevented from
air for some minutes only, he’ll die of asphyxia; and if he lacks
water, he will survive for only a few days. He can live without food
for weeks but will lose a lot of weight and will experience serious
health problems if he does not compensate for it.
Please write: COMMENT in this box to verify that you are human