A. Washing the dead:
1. When a Muslim is confirmed dead his eyes must be closed and his jaws brought together.
2. When washing the dead body, the whole body beginning with the exposed parts of ablution must be washed. The abdomen is gently squeezed and followed by washing of the anus and the sexual organs using a wet piece of cloth. Normal ablution head and beard using water mixed with the leaves of Sidr (lote-tree, if available). The right side must be washed before the left side and the body must be washed three times, Wash time the abdomen is squeezed as above. The mustache and the nails are clipped and when the body is clean, it is wrapped in three white cotton sheets covering all parts of the body and perfumed with incense, If the body is still unclean, ablution must be extended to 5-6 times after which the body is dried with a clean cloth, Men’s hair should not be combed while that of a woman is to be braided into three chains and left hanging down behind her.
3. It is preferred to shroud men with three white sheets without a gown or Ammamah (head cover); children in one up to three sheers and women in five sheets: a) Dir’: a loose outer garment with sleeves slit in front, b) Khimar: covering head and face, c) Izzar: a sheet wrapped around the waist, and d) Tow overall wrapping sheets, young girls can be wrapped with a gown and two sheets.
4. The one who has the most right to wash the dead body of man is his chosen guardian (if any) than his father, his granfather, then the closest of his relatives, The woman is best washed by her chosen female then the mother, the grandmother, then the closest one of her female relatives, The husband can wash the body of his wife and vice versa because Abu Bakr (RAA) was washed by his wife and Ali bin Abi Taleb (RAA) washed his wife, Fatima (RAA).
B) The funeral prayer (Salat – Aljanaza):
Saying Takbeer “Allahu Akbar” four times. Reciting Al-Faiha after the first Takbeer. Following the second Takbeer, one prays for the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as he does in Tashahud, Then after saying “Allahu Akbar” for the third time, one recites what is usually said in other prayers like asking Allah to forgive all Muslims or any supplications he knows, preferably this:
(Allahumma Ighfir li hayyina wa mayyitina, wa shahidina wa ghaibina wa sagheerina wa kabeerina wa thakarina wa unthana. Allahumma man ahyaytahu minna fa ahyihi ala Al-Islam. Wa man tawaffaytahu minna fa tawaffahu ala Al-Iman….)
“O Allah! Grant forgiveness to our living and to our dead, and tohtose who are present and to those are absent, and to our young and our old folk, and to our males and our females, O Allah! Whomsoever you grant to ive, from among us, help him to live in Islam and whomsoever of us you cause to die, help him to die in faith. O Allah! Do not deprive us of the reward for patience on his (her, their) loss and do not make us subject to trail after him…”
“…. Allahumma Ighfir lahu warhamhu wa’afihi wa’fu anhu, wa’akrim nuzulahu wa wassi’ madkhalahu, wa’ghsilhu bil ma’I wathalgi walbarad, wa nagihi mina al-thunoubi walkhataya kama unaqa athawbo alabyado mina ad-danas., wa abdilhu daran khairan min darihi, wa ahlan khairan min ahlihi, wa adkhilhu al-Jannah, wa aidh-hu min adhabi alqabr, wa adhabi an-narr,,wafsah lahu fee qabrihi, wanawir lahu fehi, Allahumma la tahrimna ajrahu, wa la tudlilna ba’dahu.”
“O Allah forgive him (her them) and have your mercy upon him, protect him and pardon him, receive him with honor and make his grave spacious, wash him with water, snow and hail, and clean him from sins and wrong-doings as is cleaned a white garment from impurity, requite him with an abode more excellent than his and with a mate better than his mate. Admit him to the Garden, and protect of the Fire, widen his space in his grave and bring him light therein, O Allah don’t deprive us from his reward and don’t let us go astray after him. Then after saying “Allahu Akbar” for the fourth time one turns his head to the right (making tasleem) and thus ending the funeral prayer.
It is best to raise one’s hand while saying “Allahu Akbar.”
In the case when the dead is a child or an infant, the following Du’a is made:
“Allahumma Ijalhu, dhikran liwalidayehi washafee’an mujaban. Allahuma thaqil bihi mawazeenahuma wa a’dhim bihi Ujorahuma wa alhiq’hu bu salih Al-mu’min-neen, waj’alhu fee kafalati Ibrahim aleihi As-Salam, waqihi bi rahmatika adhaba al-jahim.”
“O Allah make him a preceding reward and a reserve treasure (on the Day of Judgment) for his parents; a one whose intercession would be granted. O Allah make of him an excess in the measures and in the rewards (granted by Allah) to his parents, Let him join the company of the righteous believers and make him under the care of Abraham (may the peace of Allah be upon him), and protect him, by Your Mercy, from the torment of the blazing Fire.”
C) The Position of The Imam In The funeral prayer:
The tradition is for the Imam to stand right next to the head of the body if it is a man, and to the middle of the body if it is a woman.
If there are men, women, male and female children in one funeral, the following positions are to be taken:
The man right in front of the Imam. The women further towards the Qibla. The male children are between the men and women and more towards the men while the female children follow women further down in the direction of Qibla (all of the dead bodies are to be laid parallel to those praying). The bodies are to be arranged such that the head of the male child lies next to that of a man while the middle of a woman lies next to the head of a man. The head of the female child lies next to the head of a woman. The followers of Imam are to stand behind him just as in other prayers. It is acceptable for one to stand to the right of Imam if he finds no place behind him.
All praise is due to Allah and His blessings and peace be upon His Prophet, his family and his companions.
Please write: COMMENT in this box to verify that you are human