The ninth item is: The Eye Drop:
It is a controversial matter between the later scholars based upon a previous disagreement which is the case of Kohl; does it invalidate the fast or not?
The first view is: it does not break the fast. This is the view of the Hanafi and the Shafi`i schools of Fiqh. They quoted as evidence that there is no connection between the eye and the stomach and if this is the case, applying Kohl does not break the fast.
The second opinion is of the Maliki and the Hanbali school of Fiqh that Kohl invalidates the fast because they said that there is a connection between the eye and the stomach.
Thereby, the later scholars differed according to the eye drops: The first view is: the eye drops does not break the fast. This is the view of Ibn Baz and Ibn `Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on their souls).
They quoted as evidence that one eye drop equals 0.06 per cubic centimeter. This amount will not reach the stomach because it is so little. The tiny thing is overlooked exactly as the remnant of water that remains in the mouth after rinsing. The second evidence is: the eye drop is not stated in the Qur’an or in the Sunnah and does not take the same ruling of food and drink.
The second opinion is: it invalidates the fast exactly as the kohl. The soundest opinion is: it does not break the fast. Although modern medicine proved that there is a connection between the eye and the stomach through the nose, these drops will be absorbed when passing by the lacrimal canal, so nothing of these drops will reach the throat, consequently nothing will reach the stomach. If something reaches the stomach, it will be tiny and will be overlooked as the remnant water of rinsing is overlooked.
By analogy to the case of kohl, this is not true for the following: 1 - Because it was not proved that it invalidates the fast and the reported Hadith in that regard is weak. 2 - It is an analogy for something controversial in the first place. 3 – Because of the stated proofs to the first opinion.
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