The sixteenth item is: The Anal Scope: The doctor may insert the telescope into the anus to reveal the intestine, and the same details mentioned in the stomach scope are applied here.
The seventeenth item is: anything that enters the body through the urethra, such as scope, solution, or medicine:
Do this break the fast?
Scholars have discussed this issue in the past and reached the following conclusion:
The first view is of the Hanafi, the Maliki, and the Hanbali school of Fiqh: Dripping in the urethra does not break the fast even if it reaches the bladder. Their evidence is: there is no outlet the inner part of the rectum and the abdomen. The Second view is the chosen by the Shafi`i school of Fiqh that this action invalidates the fast because there is an outlet between the inner part of the rectum and the abdomen.
In modern medicine:
There is no connection between urinary tract and the digestive system: based upon this, it does not break the fast.
The eighteenth item: Blood Donation: This is based on the issue of cupping. The popular view is: it invalidates the fast and that is the chosen view of Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on his soul).
The view of the majority scholars is: it does not break the fast.
The soundest and preponderant view is: it invalidates the fast. Based on this, it is not permissible for a person to donate his blood during the fast except if there is a necessity.
The nineteenth item is: Taking a Blood Sample For Diagnosis: This does not break the fast because it is not the same as cupping, because cupping weakens the body.
The twenty item is: Toothpaste: It does not break the fast because it does not reach the stomach, but it is better for a person not to use it except after breaking the fast. It is enough to use the Miswak or the brush without the toothpaste. Allah knows the best.
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