The thirteenth item is: Dialysis:
It has two ways: First: Washing by a machine called the "artificial kidney" where the blood is drawn to the device, then it filters the blood from the harmful substances, then the blood go back to the body again through the vein. During this process, a patient needs nutritious liquids that are taken through the vein.
Second: Through the peritoneal dialysis membrane in the stomach: A small tube is injected into the stomach through a hole above the navel, and two liters of liquids contain a high percentage of sugar inside the stomach for a while then the liquids are drawn again; this process is done repeatedly.
Modern scholars disagreed whether it invalidates the fast or not?
The first view is: it invalidates the fast according to Ibn Baz (may Allah have mercy on his soul) and the Permanent Committee for Fatwas.
Their evidence is: dialysis provides fresh blood for the blood, and perhaps it is mixed with another nutritious material, so two things that invalidate the fast were brought together. The second opinion is: it does not break the fast. They hold as evidence that it is not mentioned by name in the Qur’an or in the Sunnah or even similar. The soundest view is: it invalidates the fast.
A case: if only the blood is purified, it does not break the fast, but the fact is there are some nutrients, salts, and so on are added to dialysis.
The fourteenth item is: suppositories that are inserted into a woman's vagina: Likewise: the vaginal lotions.
Do these things invalidate the fast or not?
Scholars have spoken about these substances in the past as well as in the present: According to the Maliki and the Hanbali school of Fiqh if a woman dripped a fluid in her vagina, it will not break the fast.
Their evidence is: There is no connection between a woman's vagina and her stomach.
The second view is of the Hanafi and the Shafi`i school of Fiqh which maintains that if a woman drips some liquid into her vagina, her fast is over.
Their evidence is: there is a connection between the bladder and the vagina.
Modern medicine proved that there is no outlet between the reproductive system of women and their stomachs; hence these drops will not break the fast.
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